Requirements to be satisfied prior to a travel ban in light of a ruling handed down by the Dubai court of appeal
Provisions relating to Child’s Travel Ban under Personal Status Law
The fosterer may not travel with the fostered child outside the State except with written approval of his tutor. Should tutor refuse to give his consent, the matter shall be submitted to the judge.
- Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 149 of this Law, the tutor (father) may keep with him the foster child's passport, except in case of travel, where he should hand it over to the woman fosterer.
- The judge may order to maintain the passport in the hands of the fosterer should he notice an obstinateness on the tutor's part to refuse to deliver it to the fosterer in case of necessity.
- The woman foster may keep the originals, or true official copies of the birth certificate and any other evidential documents, about the fostered child and his identity card.
Facts of the Case
- The respondent (father) had applied concerning their sole child, and the claimant, the mother, requested the cancellation of the travel restriction on that basis. The Personal Status Court of First Instance heard the dispute.
According to Article 149 of the Personal Status Law (the 'Law'), the custodian (mother) is not allowed to go abroad with the kid without the guardian's prior agreement. It is the legal foundation for the travel ban. Under Article 157 of the law, the father also asked to be given the kid's travel papers since he is the child's guardian and is responsible for their protection. Because it would allow him to exercise his rights as the kid's guardian and prevent the mother from physically leaving the UAE with their child without his prior approval, the father won the travel ban and a court order requiring him to keep the child's passport.
The case before the Court of First Instance
- Before the Court of First Instance, the mother explained that she had travelled to Dubai with the kid after landing a new job and amicable divorce in Oman, where the family had previously resided.
- She claimed that the father continued to reside and work in Oman following the divorce. At the same time, she raised the kid alone in the UAE and was exclusively responsible for ensuring that the child's best interests were served in every way.
- The divorce settlement agreement between the couple also stipulated that the mother would have exclusive custody of the kid, that she may establish residence in any nation, and that she would be allowed to travel anywhere with the child. She also had the right to keep the child's travel papers.
- The travel restriction and the order requiring the mother to provide the father with the child's travel permits were both revoked by the Court of First Instance in its ruling.
The reasoning of the Judgement:
In its reasoning, the court of First Instance reaffirmed that, notwithstanding Articles 149 and 157 of the Law, the father's right to ask for a child's travel ban and keep the child's travel papers is not qualified. Indeed, it was further explained that these rights were enshrined in the law to safeguard the father's guardianship rights in situations where:
- He performs his duties;
- Accepts responsibility for his child, and
- Gives the necessary care that would otherwise be impossible if the child were taken from the nation where both parents reside.
Since the father, in this instance, did not live in the UAE, where the kid is, he could not give the child the direct care he needed. As a result, these rights and obligations were not being carried out by the father. Therefore, allowing the mother to keep the travel papers and take the child in her exclusive custody on trips is in the child's best interests.
Appeal before Court of Appeal
The court of Appeals upheld the Judgement of the Court of First Instance and rejected the Appeal raised by the father. The father contested this ruling before the Appeal Court, relying on his original allegations. The Court of First Instance added that the mother had the right to travel freely with the child under the terms of the divorce settlement agreement and that she should keep the travel documents with her. The court further explained that since the father resided and worked in a distant country from where the kid lives, the guardianship powers conferred by Articles 149 and 157 of the Law were not present in the current situation.
Under Article 178 of the Law, the father is responsible for everything about the minor's person, including his supervision, protection, education, teaching, orientation, and correct upbringing; this includes approval of his marriage. The court ultimately strives to preserve the child's best interests while applying the legislation within the mentioned Article of the law. The father's ability to prevent his children from travelling and keep their passports or other official papers is conditional upon the father exercising and carrying out his guardianship obligations for his children.
For more updated information and law relating to Travel Ban in the UAE, please don’t hesitate to contact Lawyers in Dubai.